A tour through Syria, March 2011, just a few days before the political riots starts and still going on today. Un tour à travers la Syrie, Mars 2011, quelques jours à peine avant le début des évènements qui ont toujours cours.
The Syrian uprising, also referred to as the Syrian civil war, is an ongoing internal armed conflict in Syria. It began on 15 March 2011 with public demonstrations as part of the wider Arab Spring and developed into a nationwide uprising. Protesters have demanded the end to nearly five decades of Ba’ath Party rule, as well as the resignation of Bashar al-Assad. In the spring of 2011, the Syrian government deployed the Syrian Army to quell the uprising. Several cities have been besieged, and soldiers were reportedly ordered to open fire on civilians. According to witnesses, soldiers who refused to open fire on civilians were summarily executed by the Syrian Army. Civilians and army defectors began forming fighting units, and unified under the banner of the Free Syrian Army, fighting in an increasingly organized fashion; however, the civilian component of the armed opposition lacks an organized leadership. The Syrian government characterizes the insurgency as “armed terrorist groups”. According to various sources, including the United Nations, up to 17,925–25,656 people have been killed, of which about half were civilians, but also including 9,460–9,905 armed combatants from both the Syrian army and the rebels. and up to 1,700 opposition protesters. According to the UN, between 500,000 to 1.0 million Syrian have been displaced within the country. To escape the violence, tens of thousands of Syrian refugees have fled the country to neighboring Iraqi Kurdistan,Jordan,Lebanon and Turkey. Iraq has closed its border to Syrian refugees, while no Syrian refugees have yet arrived at the Israeli border. In addition, tens of thousands of protesters have been imprisoned, and there have been reports of widespread torture in the government’s prisons. International organizations have also accused the government and Shabiha of using civilians as human shields, and of intentionally targeting civilians. The Arab League, United States, European Union, GCC states, and other countries have condemned the use of violence against the protesters. China and Russia have thwarted attempts to agree to a UN resolution condemning Mr Assad’s actions, and advised against sanctions, saying that such methods could escalate into foreign intervention. The Arab League suspended Syria’s membership over the government’s response to the crisis, but sent an observer mission in December 2011, as part of its proposal for peaceful resolution of the crisis. A further attempt to resolve the crisis has been made through the appointment of Kofi Annan as a special envoy. U.N. Secretary-GeneralBan Ki-moon had repeatedly stated that the Syrian conflict could emerge into an “all-out civil war”. On 15 July 2012 the International Committee of the Red Cross assessed the Syrian conflict as a “non-international armed conflict” (the ICRC’s legal term for civil war), thus applying the international humanitarian law under the Geneva Conventions in Syria.
Source : Wikipedia
Proverbe Syrien : “Quand le vieux lion se meurt, même les chiens ont du courage et lui arrachent les poils de sa moustache.”
Syrian Proveb : “When the old lion dies, even dogs have courage and rip off his mustache’s hairs”